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The hotel industry prides itself in its welcoming attitude by offering hospitality, comfort and privacy. Meanwhile, guest safety and security has been argued to be of primary concern. The aim of this work was to study how hoteliers implement risk management procedures to ensure safe hotel operations, and to study how to gap the bridge between providing hospitable services which are safe and secure. The study found that the hotel industry in Sweden lacks a common risk management framework to implement consistently and coherently. A common framework would enable hoteliers to embrace risk management and be able to utilize it in their operation. It was also found that risk management ought to be integrated in all organizational processes. It should not be an isolated event, but rather implemented on an on-going basis. Providing hospitable services that are safe necessitates that risk management is implemented consistently by regularly aiming to raise current standard. Hence, continuous improvement ought to be of fundamental importance in any organization that is fully committed to risk management. This study, therefore, suggests a model that interlinks risk- and quality management.
Matt Sekerke Bayesian Risk Management. A Guide to Model Risk and Sequential Learning in Financial Markets
A risk measurement and management framework that takes model risk seriously Most financial risk models assume the future will look like the past, but effective risk management depends on identifying fundamental changes in the marketplace as they occur. Bayesian Risk Management details a more flexible approach to risk management, and provides tools to measure financial risk in a dynamic market environment. This book opens discussion about uncertainty in model parameters, model specifications, and model-driven forecasts in a way that standard statistical risk measurement does not. And unlike current machine learning-based methods, the framework presented here allows you to measure risk in a fully-Bayesian setting without losing the structure afforded by parametric risk and asset-pricing models. Recognize the assumptions embodied in classical statistics Quantify model risk along multiple dimensions without backtesting Model time series without assuming stationarity Estimate state-space time series models online with simulation methods Uncover uncertainty in workhorse risk and asset-pricing models Embed Bayesian thinking about risk within a complex organization Ignoring uncertainty in risk modeling creates an illusion of mastery and fosters erroneous decision-making. Firms who ignore the many dimensions of model risk measure too little risk, and end up taking on too much. Bayesian Risk Management provides a roadmap to better risk management through more circumspect measurement, with comprehensive treatment of model uncertainty.
The main topic for this thesis is economic risk and risk management, primarily within aquaculture. In particular, political risk is studied, defined as risk related to political decisions and regulations. This includes exploring and modelling the importance of such risks and studying methods for the management of such risks. Such analysis could have two main normative purposes, both of which are addressed in the thesis: First, to analyse how an individual agent''s risk exposure can be improved, and second, to determine how governments should develop policies to optimise the use of resources in society at large.
Banking sector is one of the vital parts of the financial system and it accumulates the idle savings of the people and makes them available for investments. If the banking sector is effective, efficient and well disciplined, it brings rapid growth in various sectors. However, there are many factors that cause the volatility of returns that could lead to unexpected losses. Business universe has not been free of risk; it has been affected by different factors in various ways. After the fall of Taliban’s regime, liberalization of the banking sector in 2002 encouraged and promoted the banking sector in the country. The Introduction of the new banking legislation in 2004 aiming to establish appropriate and effective accounting and administrative procedures, and risk management controls for the banks. Despite the new banking legislation, Kabul Bank, the private largest commercial bank, collapsed in 2010 which imposed significant fiscal costs on the country.The objective of this research is to identify the main risk drivers that increase risk in financial institutions, especially banks in Afghanistan and to find the possible ways of managing and mitigating risks in the institutions.
The word risk is used in many different ways. It can refer to general uncertainty, doubt, an insured object, or chance of loss. Risk exists whenever the future is unknown. The strategies to manage risk typically include transferring the risk to another party, avoiding the risk, reducing the negative effect or probability of the risk, or even accepting some or all of the potential or actual consequences of a particular risk. This book will immensely helpful to control and analysis the corporate risk.
"Credit Risk Management: Essential Capital Markets" is a training manual which will enable students, bankers, corporate financiers, and those already in the finance profession to gain an understanding of the basic information and principles of credit risk evaluation for corporate lending. Readers will learn to use those underlying principles to undertake an analysis of non-financial and financial risks when preparing a credit proposal. Since the best loans are those that do not present a problem during the repayment stage, the author focuses on elements relating to the proactive management of loans during their inception.
Betty Simkins Energy Finance and Economics. Analysis and Valuation, Risk Management, and the Future of Energy
Thought leaders and experts offer the most current information and insights into energy finance Energy Finance and Economics offers the most up-to-date information and compelling insights into the finance and economics of energy. With contributions from today's thought leaders who are experts in various areas of energy finance and economics, the book provides an overview of the energy industry and addresses issues concerning energy finance and economics. The book focuses on a range of topics including corporate finance relevant to the oil and gas industry as well as addressing issues of unconventional, renewable, and alternative energy. A timely compendium of information and insights centering on topics related to energy finance Written by Betty and Russell Simkins, two experts on the topic of the economics of energy Covers special issues related to energy finance such as hybrid cars, energy hedging, and other timely topics In one handy resource, the editors have collected the best-thinking on energy finance.
The most complete, up to date guide to risk management in finance Risk Management and Financial Institutions explains all aspects of financial risk and financial institution regulation, helping readers better understand the financial markets and potential dangers. This new fourth edition has been updated to reflect the major developments in the industry, including the finalization of Basel III, the fundamental review of the trading book, SEFs, CCPs, and the new rules affecting derivatives markets. There are new chapters on enterprise risk management and scenario analysis. Readers learn the different types of risk, how and where they appear in different types of institutions, and how the regulatory structure of each institution affects risk management practices. Comprehensive ancillary materials include software, practice questions, and all necessary teaching supplements, facilitating more complete understanding and providing an ultimate learning resource. All financial professionals need a thorough background in risk and the interlacing connections between financial institutions to better understand the market, defend against systemic dangers, and perform their jobs. This book provides a complete picture of the risk management industry and practice, with the most up to date information. Understand how risk affects different types of financial institutions Learn the different types of risk and how they are managed Study the most current regulatory issues that deal with risk Risk management is paramount with the dangers inherent in the financial system, and a deep understanding is essential for anyone working in the finance industry; today, risk management is part of everyone's job. For complete information and comprehensive coverage of the latest industry issues and practices, Risk Management and Financial Institutions is an informative, authoritative guide.
Risk management is an important tool to decrease medical errors and to improve overall quality of care in US hospitals. To gain insight into current practices in US hospitals, survey methods were used to explore the extent to which risk management systems in hospitals have the tools, resources and staffing appropriate to handle and improve risk management. It was clear from both a voluminous literature on this topic and the survey that hospitals still have many challenges with regard to implementing risk management systems. Most hospitals had only one or a few risk management personnel who had little ongoing training and background preparation in risk management methodology. They performed a large variety of tasks and were faced with a large range of risks. Although the framework used for this study was primarily oriented to assessing performance, results suggested that hospital culture and behaviors often seemed to contribute to key concerns, such as the willingness to hire individuals with little background in formal risk management and to accept as standard practice the use of only very risk management tools.
Balanced, practical risk management for post – financial crisis institutions Fundamentals of Risk Management fills a critical gap left by existing risk management texts. Instead of focusing only on quantitative risk analysis or only on institutional risk management, this book takes a comprehensive approach. The disasters of the recent financial crisis taught us that managing risk is both an art and a science, and it is critical for practitioners to understand how individual risks are integrated at the enterprise level. This book is the only resource of its kind to introduce all of the key risk management concepts in a cohesive case study spanning each chapter. A hypothetical bank drawn from elements of several real world institutions serves as a backdrop for topics from credit risk and operational risk to understanding big-picture risk exposure. You will be able to see exactly how each rigorous concept is applied in actual risk management contexts. Fundamentals of Risk Management includes: Supplemental Excel-based Visual Basic (VBA) modules, so you can interact directly with risk models Clear explanations of the importance of risk management in preventing financial disasters Real world examples and lessons learned from past crises Risk policies, infrastructure, and activities that balance limited quantitative models This book provides the element of hands-on application necessary to put enterprise risk management into effective practice. The very best risk managers rely on a balanced approach that leverages every aspect of financial operations for an integrative risk management strategy. With Fundamentals of Risk Management, you can identify and control risk at an expert level.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of awareness and use of risk management techniques by SMEs in the construction industry conducting business activities in King William’s Town and Port Elizabeth in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. A self-administered questionnaire was used to gather data from 82 SME owners or managers in the construction industry. The statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used to analyse data. The Chi-square, cross tabulation and descriptive statistical tests were employed to analyse the data. The results of the study revealed that there is a low level of awareness and use of risk management techniques by SMEs in the construction industry. In addition, the results revealed that SMEs in the construction industry have a positive attitude toward risk management techniques. The results of the study recommend that the government, tertiary institutions, construction industry development board and SME owners or managers in the construction industry should work together to improve the level of awareness and use of risk management techniques.
Six Sigma is a project management methodology. It is used in the industries and corporate sectors to substantiate goal of near perfection in process performance. It has myriads of its application in a numerous organizational and business processes. It is based on Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle to achieve performance improvement in different industries including IT sector. Six Sigma is plentiful mature but still lacks a comprehensive risk management framework. It is because of its primarily used technique Root cause analysis. The need of proper risk management has been increased due to large scale complex projects, which involve high costs. In this paper, we have made an endeavor to propose a risk identification framework to improve quality and productivity in Six Sigma projects in numerous organizations especially in the manufacturing and construction. This study has also provided a detailed overview of the methods currently being used for risk identification in different type of models proposed in the literature. The proposed model undertakes a number of hypotheses to test and then validity through implementation in real time industry environment.
Leverage big data insights to improve customer experiences and insure business success Many of today's businesses find themselves caught in a snarl of internal data, paralyzed by internal silos, and executing antiquated marketing approaches. As a result, consumers are losing patience, shareholders are clamoring for growth and differentiation, and marketers are left struggling to untangle the massive mess. Big Data Marketing provides a strategic road map for executives who want to clear the chaos and start driving competitive advantage and top line growth. Using real-world examples, non-technical language, additional downloadable resources, and a healthy dose of humor, Big Data Marketing will help you discover the remedy offered by data-driven marketing. Explains how marketers can use data to learn what they need to know Details strategies to drive marketing relevance and Return On Marketing Investment (ROMI) Provides a five-step approach in the journey to a more data-driven marketing organization Author Lisa Arthur, the Chief Marketing Officer for Teradata Applications, the leader in integrated marketing software, meets with thousands of CMOs and marketing professionals annually through public speaking and events Big Data Marketing reveals patterns in your customers' behavior and proven ways to elevate customer experiences. Leverage these insights to insure your business's success.
The study was taken up in Upper Brahmaputra Valley Zone of Assam with the objective of analyzing the effect of risk arising from chronically flood hazards in the State. The perceived risk inherent with the occurrence of flood is the main hindrance in using the inputs and low productivity in the study region. Rice is the dominant crop in the region with little scope for other crops due to hydrological condition. The area is dominant with marginal and small farms with low literacy percentage. The farmers are primarily dependent on the farming and off farm income is very less. Labor showed significant effect under high intensity flood situation, depicting labor as one of the most important factors in risky situations and its effect on the variance showed that labor is also a risk reducing factor under uncertainty condition in high intensity flood condition. A number of risk management strategies viz. ex-ante, ex-post have been suggested which may be useful to small and marginal farmers. It is expected that the book will be useful to planners, extension personnel, field functionaries, research scholars and academician.
Everything you need to know in order to manage risk effectively within your organization You cannot afford to ignore the explosion in mathematical finance in your quest to remain competitive. This exciting branch of mathematics has very direct practical implications: when a new model is tested and implemented it can have an immediate impact on the financial environment. With risk management top of the agenda for many organizations, this book is essential reading for getting to grips with the mathematical story behind the subject of financial risk management. It will take you on a journey—from the early ideas of risk quantification up to today's sophisticated models and approaches to business risk management. To help you investigate the most up-to-date, pioneering developments in modern risk management, the book presents statistical theories and shows you how to put statistical tools into action to investigate areas such as the design of mathematical models for financial volatility or calculating the value at risk for an investment portfolio. Respected academic author Simon Hubbert is the youngest director of a financial engineering program in the U.K. He brings his industry experience to his practical approach to risk analysis Captures the essential mathematical tools needed to explore many common risk management problems Website with model simulations and source code enables you to put models of risk management into practice Plunges into the world of high-risk finance and examines the crucial relationship between the risk and the potential reward of holding a portfolio of risky financial assets This book is your one-stop-shop for effective risk management.