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Nitin Arora Does India have a stable demand for money function after reforms? A macroeconometric analysis
The present study analyzes the stability of the demand for money function in India over the period 1991:M4–2014:M9 using co-integration and Vector Error Correction Mechanism (VECM ) framework. From analysis, it has been observed that there exists a stable demand for money function in India during the post-reforms period, i. e. a long-run relationship does exist between demand for real balances, national output (Yt ), rate of interest (Rt) and exchange rate (ERt). Two variables Yt and ERt have been observed to be affecting demand for real balances positively, while the observed effect of M2 is negative. Thus, the signs and magnitudes of all three regressors have been observed according to a-priori information without any paradoxical situation.
Turn your inspiration into a story with clear, expert guidance Creative Writing Exercises For Dummies is a step-by-step creative writing course designed to hone your craft, regardless of ability. Written by the founder of the Complete Creative Writing Course at London's Groucho Club, this activity-based guide walks you through the process of developing and writing in a wide range of genres including novels, short stories and creative nonfiction. The book includes writing prompts, exercises, mind maps, flow charts and diagrams designed to get your ideas flowing. You'll get expert guidance into character development, plot structure and prose, plus extensive insight into self-editing and polishing your work. Whether you're a new writer with a seed of an idea you would like to develop, or are looking to strengthen your creative writing skills, this book has you covered. Covering every aspect of narrative, from setting initial goals to formatting a manuscript, Creative Writing Exercises For Dummies provides the tools and instruction you need to make your story the best it can be. Learn to spark your imagination and sketch out ideas Create compelling characters and paint a picture with description Develop your plot and structure and maintain continuity Step back from your work and become your own ruthless editor The rise of e-books has opened up the publishing world, even to non-established writers. If you have a story you're dying to tell but aren't sure how, Creative Writing Exercises For Dummies is the clear, concise solution you need.
In the special edition of the “Metal Supply & Sales” magazine you will find the analysis of current situation in Russian ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy in the context of global production; in depth flat and long-rolled products, pipe, copper and aluminum industry research. English speaking readers of the special edition will be able to acquire information on Russian metallurgy perspectives, market trends and industry innovations. In the “Metal supply & sales” magazine sector’s leading companies – MMK, NLMK, RMK, TMK, OMK, Chelpipe, Uraltrubprom and Ukraine’s Metinvest, present their articles on new production capacities, products and engineering solutions. In addition the Chinese market forecast is published in this issue of the magazine. It is well known, that Russian metallurgy is export-oriented. More than 50% of all production is being exported and Russia is considered to be among the five largest suppliers of metals on world markets. Therefore, export contracts have always been, are, and in the nearest future will be crucial for the national producers of steel products. «Metal Supply & Sales» magazine sees its mission as a bridge between the producers and consumers of metals. Therefore English edition, which aims to promote the domestic steel industry on the international markets, is being published. According to the statistics, each magazine is being read by 15 person, so 8 thousand copies are being read by 120,000 people. Over 100 thousand industry representatives from all around the world will be able to examine the maps of Russian metallurgical assets, get the perspective on the traditional and new types of products, and to establish mutually beneficial commercial relationships.
This is the third pocket size edition of the Constitution of India in the diglot form. In this edition, the text of the Constitution of India has been brought up-to-date by incorporating therein all the amendments up to and including the Constitution (Ninety-Sixth Amendment) Act, 2011.
This dissertation entitled as “Rise and Spread of English in British India" examined the history of rise and spread of English in British India from an Indian perspective. The re-reading will provide the current scenario of English as a subject of study in the independent India. Lots of changes it had witnessed from the day it had been dragged into India due to the acceptance of Macaulayan Minute on Education (1835). Macaulay had favoured English to be introduced in India just because the British needed the clerks for administration and mediators to carry out their orders in British India. Taking Macaulay’s Minutes on Education (1835) as a primary resource, this dissertation critically compares it with gradually emerged trends in the field of English studies in post-independent India. The re-reading from Macaulay to Viswanathan and Alan Durant will produce a link through which we can easily connect the changes occurred in the field of English in India from its very limited area ‘English Literature’ to the fresh and emerging area ‘English studies’ without any fix boundaries and limitations.
Legal authorities alone are helpless in the interpretation of certain lexical items in legal drafting.Legal knowlege is dependent substantially on linguistic knowledge in spite of the long held view of legal authorities that the law should not be made subservient to grammar. In this compelling book, the author highlights the centrality of modal verbs to the understanding of constitutional provisions, using the 1979 constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria as example. The study relies on the pragmatic insights of speech acts and the deontic/epistemic components of syntax to show that understanding the orientation and direction of the communication in a modal verb is a neccesary requirement for the interpretation of its constitutional import. The book asserts that the nature of authoritative assertiveness of the state in every modern democracy makes the use of modals such as ''shall'', ''will'' and ''may'', which are draconian in provision essential and useful.
The book attempts to make a sociocultural analysis of Chinese (re)translations of classic English novels in mainland China in the past six decades (1949-2009) through a case study of Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen and David Copperfield by Charles Dickens. The findings show that the retranslations done in the 1990s are not necessarily closer to the original than are the translations and retranslations done in the 1950s; a canonical translation does not necessarily stop the retranslation cycle, since it can be overriden by the commercial criteria of publishers; in addition, choice of translation strategies may be associated with translators' own preferences or idiosyncrasies, not necessarily with the universally acknowledged norms of the times; further, the 1990s translations do not improve considerably in translation quality; and finally in this case, more retranslations tend to appear when the target culture becomes more prosperous.
India Taylor lived in a world of manicured lawns and neatly-maintained calendars. With four wonderful children, India believed in commitment and sacrifice, just as she believed in Doug, the man she had married seventeen years before. She had chosen this life, not the award-winning career as a photojournalist she once had, and it was a choice she had never regretted - until she began to regret it with all her heart. India couldn't pinpoint the exact moment when the price of the sacrifices she she'd made began to seem high. But when she met Paul Ward, a Wall Street tycoon married to a bestselling author, India could share her dreams with him, and offer comfort when he suffered a heartbreak of his own. India hadn't planned to become Paul's friend, and anything more was unthinkable.When Paul urged India to reclaim her career, Doug was adamantly against it, determined to keep her tied to the home. But with Paul's encouragement India slowly, painfully, began to break free and find herself again. Bittersweet is India's story, a story of freedom, of having dreams and making choices. With unerring insight, Danielle Steel has created a moving portrait of a woman who dares to embark on a new adventure. Her painful, exhilarating journey inspires us all.
L. Carbonari Quasi-fixed inputs in the Italian manufacturing: The case of the pharmaceutical industry
The aim of this paper is to study the demand for inputs in the Italian manufacturing, using firm-level data on pharmaceutical industry. The Italian pharmaceutical industry is characterized by the existence of long-term labor contracts, and this fact suggests to consider labor as quasi-fixed input. In order to characterize firms behavior we base our analysis on the restricted Generalized Leontief cost function. The choice of this flexible functional form is due to its ability to capture the input substitution patterns in presence of more than one quasi-fixed input. Therefore demand and substitution elasticities are estimated with respect to two different theoretical models: the first, QFI (1), with capital as quasi-fixed input and the second, QFI (2), with two quasi-fixed inputs, capital and labor. The choice among the two alternative specifications is based on an elasticity comparison criterion, since the two models are not nested. The results suggest a rigid productive structure during the period under observation. Our results confirm the a priori on the labor market rigidity and point out the high heterogeneity between the firms, even controlling for size and nationality.
The introduction of gunpowder based artillery saw change in the military technology and warfare. This is a work on the change in the technology of gunpowder production in medieval India from the 14th to the 19th century with a special reference to the first of the English manufactories in India- gunpowder. Ishapore, located an hours journey from Barrackpore was chosen as the center for this manufactory, which is the focus of this work.